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Forum Replies

  1. It has to do with the design of the network in question. The benefits you see of an area becoming a stub (reduced LSDB size) comes at a cost, which is the loss of some routing information details. This translates into routers within a stub not having all the information necessary to make the best possible choices.

    For example, suppose you have an area (which is non-zero, of course), that has multiple exit points. Now imagine that at each of those exit points there are separate external routing domains (say, EIGRP or BGP, etc). If this area is a stub, Type-5

    ... Continue reading in our forum

  2. Thanks for making a video on this series. I am always thankful when I get to a video series as I read the book and website pages and just get worn out from studying 2-6 hours a day through the week. Not to mention on CCNP ROUTE I have taken to reading every single forum post as an added learning tool.

    Sometimes I just want to lean back in chair put on headset and listen to video as it allows me to relax a bit when tired towards end of day so uch thanks for those videos. Anyway great lesson!

    I am getting close to end of OSPF website lessons already finished

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  3. Hello sumu

    The NSSA area is an OSPF area where you know there are no other OSPF routers participating in OSPF beyond this interface, however, you know that there is an ASBR router found within that area. An ASBR is a router that connects to non-OSPF autonomous systems. No OSPF goes beyond this area, however, only other AS information should be relayed here. You can find out a more comprehensive explanation from Cisco at this Cisco documentation.

    I hope this has been helpful!


  4. Hello Sahil

    An ABR will generate type 3 LSAs in order to inform other areas of the routes that are found in a particular area. Type 3 LSAs are sometimes known as a summary LSA, that summarises all networks within an area. A type 4 LSA is used to inform other areas of the existence of an ASBR.

    ... Continue reading in our forum

  5. Here are some of the rules when dealing with the stub and totally stub areas:

    • There should be at least one ABR in the area.
    • All routers in the stub area have to be configured as stub router.
    • There is no ASBR within the stub or totally stub area.
    • The backbone area cannot become stub or totally stub area.

    What about totally NSSA and NSSA?
    Do these few rules also apply to totally NSSA and NSSA?

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