VLAN Configuration on Cisco IOS Switch

In this lesson I will show you how to configure VLANs on Cisco Catalyst Switches and how to assign interfaces to certain VLANs. Let’s start with a simple network topology:

two computers cisco 2950 switch

Let’s start with a simple example. H1 and H2 are connected to SW1.

First we will look at the default VLAN configuration on SW1:

SW1#show vlan

VLAN Name                             Status    Ports
---- -------------------------------- --------- -------------------------------
1    default                          active    Fa0/1, Fa0/2, Fa0/3, Fa0/4
                                                Fa0/5, Fa0/6, Fa0/7, Fa0/8
                                                Fa0/9, Fa0/10, Fa0/12
                                                Fa0/13, Fa0/14, Fa0/22
                                                Fa0/23, Fa0/24, Gi0/1, Gi0/2
1002 fddi-default                     act/unsup
1003 token-ring-default               act/unsup
1004 fddinet-default                  act/unsup
1005 trnet-default                    act/unsup

Interesting…VLAN 1 is the default LAN and you can see that all active interfaces are assigned to VLAN 1.

VLAN information is not saved in the running-config or startup-config but in a separate file called vlan.dat on your flash memory. If you want to delete the VLAN information you should delete this file by typing delete flash:vlan.dat. I configured an IP address on H1 and H2 so they are in the same subnet.

Let’s see if H1 and H2 can reach each other:

C:\Documents and Settings\H1>ping 192.168.1.2

Pinging 192.168.1.2 with 32 bytes of data:

Reply from 192.168.1.2: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=128
Reply from 192.168.1.2: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=128
Reply from 192.168.1.2: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=128
Reply from 192.168.1.2: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=128

Ping statistics for 192.168.1.2:
Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
Minimum = 0ms, Maximum = 0ms, Average = 0ms

Even with the default switch configuration H1 is able to reach H2. Let’s see if I can create a new VLAN for H1 and H2:

SW1(config)#vlan 50
SW1(config-vlan)#name Computers
SW1(config-vlan)#exit

This is how you create a new VLAN. If you want you can give it a name but this is optional. I’m calling my VLAN “Computers”.

SW1#show vlan

VLAN Name                             Status    Ports
---- -------------------------------- --------- -------------------------------

1    default                          active    Fa0/1, Fa0/2, Fa0/3, Fa0/4
                                                Fa0/5, Fa0/6, Fa0/7, Fa0/8
                                                Fa0/9, Fa0/10, Fa0/11, Fa0/12
                                                Fa0/13, Fa0/14, Fa0/15,
                                                Fa0/23, Fa0/24, Gi0/1, Gi0/2
50   Computers                        active

VLAN 50 was created on SW1 and you can see that it’s active. However no ports are currently in VLAN 50. Let’s see if we can change this…

SW1(config)interface fa0/1
SW1(config-if)#switchport mode access
SW1(config-if)#switchport access vlan 50

SW1(config)interface fa0/2
SW1(config-if)#switchport mode access
SW1(config-if)#switchport access vlan 50

First I will configure the switchport in access mode with the switchport mode access command. By using the switchport access vlan command we can move our interfaces to another VLAN.

SW1#show vlan 

VLAN Name                             Status    Ports
---- -------------------------------- --------- -------------------------------

1    default                          active    Fa0/3, Fa0/4
                                                Fa0/5, Fa0/6, Fa0/7, Fa0/8
                                                Fa0/9, Fa0/10,, Fa0/12
                                                Fa0/13, Fa0/14, Fa0/15,
                                                Fa0/23, Fa0/24, Gi0/2

50   Computers                        active    Fa0/1, Fa0/2

 

Excellent! Both computers are now in VLAN 50. Let’s verify our configuration by checking if they can ping each other:

We're Sorry, Full Content Access is for Members Only...

If you like to keep on reading, Become a Member Now! Here is why:

  • Learn any CCNA, CCNP and CCIE R&S Topic. Explained As Simple As Possible.
  • Try for Just $1. The Best Dollar You’ve Ever Spent on Your Cisco Career!
  • Full Access to our 740 Lessons. More Lessons Added Every Week!
  • Content created by Rene Molenaar (CCIE #41726)

554 Sign Ups in the last 30 days

satisfaction-guaranteed
100% Satisfaction Guaranteed!
You may cancel your monthly membership at any time.
No Questions Asked!

Tags: ,


Forum Replies

  1. thanks! easy to understand well explained

  2. Very neatly explained. Thanks.

  3. Hi Rene, I installed cisco packet tracer and execute vlan lab and everything looks good so far. What is GNS3vault and is it downloadable for free?

    Thanks,
    Maruti.

62 more replies! Ask a question or join the discussion by visiting our Community Forum