How to configure RIP on a Cisco router

RIP (Routing Information Protocol) is one of the routing protocols you need to understand if you want to pass the Cisco CCNA exam. If you have no idea how RIP works I suggest to read this lesson first where I explain how RIP works. In this lesson I’ll show you how to configure RIP on a Cisco router. This is the topology that I will use:

rip 3 routers

Above we see 3 routers called R1, R2 and R3. There are a couple of networks so we’ll have something to advertise in RIP. First let’s configure all the interfaces:

R1>enable 
R1#configure terminal 
R1(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/0
R1(config-if)#no shutdown
R1(config-if)#ip address 172.16.1.1 255.255.255.0
R1(config-if)#exit
R1(config)#interface fastEthernet 1/0
R1(config-if)#ip address 192.168.12.1 255.255.255.0
R1(config-if)#no shutdown
R2>enable
R2#configure terminal
R2(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/0
R2(config-if)#no shutdown
R2(config-if)#ip address 192.168.12.2 255.255.255.0
R2(config-if)#exit
R2(config)#interface FastEthernet 1/0
R2(config-if)#no shutdown
R2(config-if)#ip address 192.168.23.2 255.255.255.0
R2(config-if)#exit

R3>enable
R3#configure terminal
R3(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/0
R3(config-if)#no shutdown
R3(config-if)#ip address 172.16.2.3 255.255.255.0
R3(config-if)#exit
R3(config)#interface fastEthernet 1/0
R3(config-if)#no shutdown
R3(config-if)#ip address 192.168.23.3 255.255.255.0
R3(config-if)#exit

Before we continue RIP we’ll check the routing tables:

R1#show ip route     
Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area 
       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
       i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - S-IS level-2
       ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, 
       o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

C    192.168.12.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet1/0
     172.16.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets
C       172.16.1.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
R2#show ip route 
Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area 
       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
       i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - S-IS level-2
       ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, 
       o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

C    192.168.12.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
C    192.168.23.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet1/0
R3#show ip route 
Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area 
       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
       i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - S-IS level-2
       ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, 
       o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

     172.16.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets
C       172.16.2.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
C    192.168.23.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet1/0

Our routers only know 1 thing…their directly connected interfaces. Let’s configure RIP and see what happens:

R1(config)#router rip
R1(config-router)#network 192.168.12.0
R1(config-router)#network 172.16.1.0
R2(config)#router rip
R2(config-router)#network 192.168.12.0

We use the router rip command to go to the RIP configuration. Next step is to use the network command which does two things:

Let’s zoom in on R1 and R2 so I can explain this a bit more…

rip send updates both ways

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Forum Replies

  1. Hi !!!

    Plesea, you can check pictrue 7, i can’t see Fa0/2 on router Spade. It’s two port Fa0/0 ???

  2. Thanks for pointing that out, I just fixed it!

  3. Hi Rene
    Very simple yet brilliant exaple of LIVE lab. I am very happy to find this post and recommand to anyone who wants to be CCNA, cheers Ajay NZ

  4. Awesome job in explaining clearly.

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