MPLS VPN PE-CE OSPF Default Route

When you try to advertise a default route from one CE router to another CE router in an MPLS VPN PE-CE OSPF topology, you might be disappointed that it doesn’t show up on the other end. There are some additional commands we have to add before our PE routers advertise a default route.

In this lesson, I’ll explain how to advertise that default route. I’ll also show you which show commands to use to check your CE and PE routers. Let’s get started!

Configuration

Below is the topology we are going to use:

mpls vpn pe ce ospf gigabit

This is the same topology I used in the MPLS VPN PE-CE OSPF lesson.

Configurations

Want to take a look for yourself? Here you will find the startup configuration of each device.

CE1

hostname CE1
!
ip cef
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.255
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 ip address 192.168.12.1 255.255.255.0
!
router ospf 1
 network 1.1.1.1 0.0.0.0 area 0
 network 192.168.12.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
!
 login
!
end

CE2

hostname CE2
!
ip cef
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 5.5.5.5 255.255.255.255
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 ip address 192.168.45.5 255.255.255.0
!
router ospf 1
 network 5.5.5.5 0.0.0.0 area 0
 network 192.168.45.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
!
end

P

hostname P
!
ip cef
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 3.3.3.3 255.255.255.255
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 ip address 192.168.23.3 255.255.255.0
 mpls ip
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/2
 ip address 192.168.34.3 255.255.255.0
 mpls ip
!
router ospf 1
 network 3.3.3.3 0.0.0.0 area 0
 network 192.168.23.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
 network 192.168.34.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
!
end

PE1

hostname PE1
!
ip vrf CUSTOMER
 rd 1:1
 route-target export 1:1
 route-target import 1:1
!
ip cef
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 2.2.2.2 255.255.255.255
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 ip vrf forwarding CUSTOMER
 ip address 192.168.12.2 255.255.255.0
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/2
 ip address 192.168.23.2 255.255.255.0
!
router ospf 2 vrf CUSTOMER
 redistribute bgp 234 subnets
 network 192.168.12.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
!
router ospf 1
 mpls ldp autoconfig
 network 2.2.2.2 0.0.0.0 area 0
 network 192.168.23.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
!
router bgp 234
 neighbor 4.4.4.4 remote-as 234
 neighbor 4.4.4.4 update-source Loopback0
 !
 address-family ipv4
  no neighbor 4.4.4.4 activate
 exit-address-family
 !
 address-family vpnv4
  neighbor 4.4.4.4 activate
  neighbor 4.4.4.4 send-community extended
 exit-address-family
 !
 address-family ipv4 vrf CUSTOMER
  redistribute ospf 2
 exit-address-family
!
end

PE2

hostname PE2
!
ip vrf CUSTOMER
 rd 1:1
 route-target export 1:1
 route-target import 1:1
!
ip cef
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 4.4.4.4 255.255.255.255
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 ip vrf forwarding CUSTOMER
 ip address 192.168.45.4 255.255.255.0
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/2
 ip address 192.168.34.4 255.255.255.0
!
router ospf 2 vrf CUSTOMER
 redistribute bgp 234 subnets
 network 192.168.45.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
!
router ospf 1
 mpls ldp autoconfig
 network 4.4.4.4 0.0.0.0 area 0
 network 192.168.34.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
!
router bgp 234
 neighbor 2.2.2.2 remote-as 234
 neighbor 2.2.2.2 update-source Loopback0
 !
 address-family ipv4
  no neighbor 2.2.2.2 activate
 exit-address-family
 !
 address-family vpnv4
  neighbor 2.2.2.2 activate
  neighbor 2.2.2.2 send-community extended
 exit-address-family
 !
 address-family ipv4 vrf CUSTOMER
  redistribute ospf 2
 exit-address-family
!
end









We advertise a default route on CE1:

CE1(config)#router ospf 1
CE1(config-router)#default-information originate always

This default route doesn’t show up on CE2:

CE2#show ip route ospf

      1.0.0.0/32 is subnetted, 1 subnets
O IA     1.1.1.1 [110/3] via 192.168.45.4, 00:27:34, GigabitEthernet0/1
O IA  192.168.12.0/24 [110/2] via 192.168.45.4, 00:27:34, GigabitEthernet0/1

Let’s find out what is going on. PE1 has it in its routing table:

PE1#show ip route vrf CUSTOMER | include 0.0.0.0/0
O*E2  0.0.0.0/0 [110/1] via 192.168.12.1, 00:10:02, GigabitEthernet0/1

However, it’s not in the BGP table:

PE1#show ip bgp vpnv4 vrf CUSTOMER

     Network          Next Hop            Metric LocPrf Weight Path
Route Distinguisher: 1:1 (default for vrf CUSTOMER)
 *>   1.1.1.1/32       192.168.12.1             2         32768 ?
 *>i  5.5.5.5/32       4.4.4.4                  2    100      0 ?
 *>   192.168.12.0     0.0.0.0                  0         32768 ?
 *>i  192.168.45.0     4.4.4.4                  0    100      0 ?

The default route doesn’t show up because, by default, the redistribute ospf BGP command doesn’t redistribute OSPF external routes. Here’s what our configuration looks like on PE1:

PE1#show run | begin router bgp
router bgp 234
 bgp log-neighbor-changes
 neighbor 4.4.4.4 remote-as 234
 neighbor 4.4.4.4 update-source Loopback0
 !
 address-family ipv4
  no neighbor 4.4.4.4 activate
 exit-address-family
 !
 address-family vpnv4
  neighbor 4.4.4.4 activate
  neighbor 4.4.4.4 send-community extended
 exit-address-family
 !
 address-family ipv4 vrf CUSTOMER
  redistribute ospf 2
 exit-address-family

Let’s change the redistribute command so that OSPF external routes are also redistributed into BGP:

PE1(config)#router bgp 234
PE1(config-router)#address-family ipv4 vrf CUSTOMER
PE1(config-router-af)#redistribute ospf 2 match internal external

Does this fix our problem? Let’s check:

We're Sorry, Full Content Access is for Members Only...

If you like to keep on reading, Become a Member Now! Here is why:

  • Learn any CCNA, CCNP and CCIE R&S Topic. Explained As Simple As Possible.
  • Try for Just $1. The Best Dollar You’ve Ever Spent on Your Cisco Career!
  • Full Access to our 724 Lessons. More Lessons Added Every Week!
  • Content created by Rene Molenaar (CCIE #41726)

508 Sign Ups in the last 30 days

satisfaction-guaranteed
100% Satisfaction Guaranteed!
You may cancel your monthly membership at any time.
No Questions Asked!