MPLS Traffic Engineering (TE) OSPF Configuration

In the MPLS Traffic Engineering (TE) IS-IS Configuration lesson and other MPLS TE lessons, I use IS-IS as the IGP on the TE routers. In this lesson, we’ll use OSPF instead.

I’ll walk you through the entire configuration, but because I already explained in detail how to configure an MPLS TE network step-by-step, I’ll only focus on OSPF here. This is the topology we’ll use:

Mpls Te Pe C Router Topology

Routers PE1, P1, P2, P3, and PE2 are our MPLS core network. The CE1 and CE2 routers use regular IP routing. All routers are configured to use OSPF area 0 and MPLS is enabled on the interfaces. I use Cisco IOS Software, IOSv Software (VIOS-ADVENTERPRISEK9-M), Version 15.9(3)M4.

Configurations

Want to take a look for yourself? Here, you will find the startup configuration of each device.

CE1

hostname CE1
!
ip cef
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.255
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
 ip address 192.168.12.1 255.255.255.0
!
router ospf 1
 network 1.1.1.1 0.0.0.0 area 0
 network 192.168.12.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
!
end

CE2

hostname CE2
!
ip cef
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 7.7.7.7 255.255.255.255
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
 ip address 192.168.67.7 255.255.255.0
!
router ospf 1
 network 7.7.7.7 0.0.0.0 area 0
 network 192.168.67.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
!
end

P1

hostname P1
!
ip cef
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 3.3.3.3 255.255.255.255
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
 ip address 192.168.23.3 255.255.255.0
 mpls ip
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 ip address 192.168.36.3 255.255.255.0
 mpls ip
!
router ospf 1
 network 3.3.3.3 0.0.0.0 area 0
 network 192.168.23.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
 network 192.168.36.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
!
mpls ldp router-id Loopback0 force
!
end

P2

hostname P2
!
ip cef
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 4.4.4.4 255.255.255.255
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
 ip address 192.168.24.4 255.255.255.0
 mpls ip
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 ip address 192.168.45.4 255.255.255.0
 mpls ip
!
router ospf 1
 network 4.4.4.4 0.0.0.0 area 0
 network 192.168.24.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
 network 192.168.45.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
!
mpls ldp router-id Loopback0 force
!
end

P3

hostname P3
!
ip cef
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 5.5.5.5 255.255.255.255
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
 ip address 192.168.56.5 255.255.255.0
 mpls ip
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 ip address 192.168.45.5 255.255.255.0
 mpls ip
!
router ospf 1
 network 5.5.5.5 0.0.0.0 area 0
 network 192.168.45.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
 network 192.168.56.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
!
mpls ldp router-id Loopback0 force
!
end

PE1

hostname PE1
!
ip cef
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 2.2.2.2 255.255.255.255
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
 ip address 192.168.12.2 255.255.255.0
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 ip address 192.168.23.2 255.255.255.0
 mpls ip
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/2
 ip address 192.168.24.2 255.255.255.0
 mpls ip
!
router ospf 1
 network 2.2.2.2 0.0.0.0 area 0
 network 192.168.12.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
 network 192.168.23.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
 network 192.168.24.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
!
mpls ldp router-id Loopback0 force
!
end

PE2

hostname PE2
!
ip cef
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 6.6.6.6 255.255.255.255
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
 ip address 192.168.67.6 255.255.255.0
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 ip address 192.168.36.6 255.255.255.0
 mpls ip
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/2
 ip address 192.168.56.6 255.255.255.0
 mpls ip
!
router ospf 1
 network 6.6.6.6 0.0.0.0 area 0
 network 192.168.36.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
 network 192.168.56.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
 network 192.168.67.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
!
mpls ldp router-id Loopback0 force
!
end

Before we continue, let’s make sure we have a label-switched path (LSP) when we send traffic from CE1 to CE2:

CE1#traceroute 7.7.7.7 source 1.1.1.1 probe 1
Type escape sequence to abort.
Tracing the route to 7.7.7.7
VRF info: (vrf in name/id, vrf out name/id)
  1 192.168.12.2 1 msec
  2 192.168.23.3 [MPLS: Label 23 Exp 0] 4 msec
  3 192.168.36.6 [MPLS: Label 19 Exp 0] 3 msec
  4 192.168.67.7 4 msec

The LSP is working.

Configuration

Let’s configure this “regular” MPLS network into a network that supports MPLS TE. There are four main items we have to configure:

  • Enable MPLS TE support:
    • Globally
    • Interfaces
  • Configure OSPF to support MPLS TE.
  • Configure RSVP.
  • Configure a TE tunnel interface.








We configure these items on all MPLS routers where you want to use MPLS TE. Let’s get started.

Global

The global mpls traffic-eng tunnels command enables MPLS TE globally:

PE1, P1, P2, P3, and PE2
(config)#mpls traffic-eng tunnels

Interfaces

We have to enable MPLS TE support on all interfaces that connect the PE and P routers:

Mpls Te Pe C Router Topology Interfaces

This is the configuration:

PE1 and PE2
(config)#interface range GigabitEthernet 0/1 - 2
(config-if-range)#mpls traffic-eng tunnels
P1, P2, and P3
(config)#interface range GigabitEthernet 0/0 - 1
(config-if-range)#mpls traffic-eng tunnels

That’s all you need.

OSPF

There are two things we need to configure for OSPF to support MPLS TE:

  • Enable MPLS TE for the area.
  • Configure the router ID.

Here’s how to do it:

PE1, PE2, P1, P2 & P3
(config)#router ospf 1
(config-router)#mpls traffic-eng area 0
(config-router)#mpls traffic-eng router-id loopback 0

RSVP

Let’s configure RSVP to use up to the interface bandwidth:

PE1 and PE2
(config)#interface range GigabitEthernet 0/1 - 2
(config-if-range)#ip rsvp bandwidth 1000000
P1, P2, and P3
(config)#interface range GigabitEthernet 0/0 - 1
(config-if-range)#ip rsvp bandwidth 1000000

Tunnel Interface

Let’s configure a tunnel interface between PE1 and PE2:

Mpls Te Pe C Router Topology Tunnel

This is how you configure a tunnel interface:

PE1(config)#interface Tunnel 1
PE1(config-if)#ip unnumbered Loopback 0
PE1(config-if)#tunnel mode mpls traffic-eng 
PE1(config-if)#tunnel destination 6.6.6.6
PE1(config-if)#tunnel mpls traffic-eng bandwidth 750
PE1(config-if)#tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option 1 dynamic

Verification

Everything is now configured. This network should be ready for MPLS TE. Let’s find out.

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