MPLS TE Autoroute Metric

MPLS TE Autoroute allows you to install Traffic Enginering (TE) tunnels as the next hop in the headend router’s routing table. As explained in the MPLS TE metric lesson, TE tunnels use the shortest path IGP metric as the TE tunnel metric.

It is possible, however, to influence the autoroute TE tunnel metric. In this lesson, we’ll look at some examples of how you can do this. There are three commands you can use to change the metric:

  1. tunnel mpls traffic-eng autoroute metric
  2. tunnel mpls traffic-eng autoroute metric absolute
  3. tunnel mpls traffic-eng autoroute metric relative

We’ll look at configuration options for these three commands.



Configuration

This is the topology we’ll use:

Mpls Te Autoroute Announce Metric Topology

PE1 is our headend router and PE2 is the tailend router. We use IS-IS as the IGP. Each interface has a default metric of 10. I use IOSv Software (VIOS-ADVENTERPRISEK9-M), Version 15.9(3)M6 on all routers.

Configurations

Want to take a look for yourself? Here you will find the startup configuration of each device.

CE1

hostname CE1
!
ip cef
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.255
 ip router isis 
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
 ip address 192.168.12.1 255.255.255.0
 ip router isis 
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
!
router isis
 net 49.0001.0001.0001.0001.0001.00
 is-type level-2-only
 metric-style wide
!
end

CE2

hostname CE2
!
ip cef
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 7.7.7.7 255.255.255.255
 ip router isis 
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
 ip address 192.168.67.7 255.255.255.0
 ip router isis 
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
!
router isis
 mpls traffic-eng level-2
 net 49.0001.0007.0007.0007.0007.00
 is-type level-2-only
 metric-style wide
!
end

P1

hostname P1
!
ip cef
!
mpls traffic-eng tunnels
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 3.3.3.3 255.255.255.255
 ip router isis 
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
 ip address 192.168.23.3 255.255.255.0
 ip router isis 
 mpls traffic-eng tunnels
 mpls ip
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
 ip rsvp bandwidth 1000000
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 ip address 192.168.36.3 255.255.255.0
 ip router isis 
 mpls traffic-eng tunnels
 mpls ip
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
 ip rsvp bandwidth 1000000
!
router isis
 mpls traffic-eng router-id Loopback0
 mpls traffic-eng level-2
 net 49.0001.0003.0003.0003.0003.00
 is-type level-2-only
 metric-style wide
!
mpls ldp router-id Loopback0 force
!
end

P2

hostname P2
!
ip cef
!
mpls traffic-eng tunnels
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 4.4.4.4 255.255.255.255
 ip router isis 
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
 ip address 192.168.24.4 255.255.255.0
 ip router isis 
 mpls traffic-eng tunnels
 mpls ip
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
 ip rsvp bandwidth 1000000
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 ip address 192.168.45.4 255.255.255.0
 ip router isis 
 mpls traffic-eng tunnels
 mpls ip
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
 ip rsvp bandwidth 1000000
!
router isis
 mpls traffic-eng router-id Loopback0
 mpls traffic-eng level-2
 net 49.0001.0004.0004.0004.0004.00
 is-type level-2-only
 metric-style wide
!
mpls ldp router-id Loopback0 force
!
end

P3

hostname P3
!
ip cef
!
mpls traffic-eng tunnels
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 5.5.5.5 255.255.255.255
 ip router isis 
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
 ip address 192.168.56.5 255.255.255.0
 ip router isis 
 mpls traffic-eng tunnels
 mpls ip
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
 ip rsvp bandwidth 1000000
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 ip address 192.168.45.5 255.255.255.0
 ip router isis 
 mpls traffic-eng tunnels
 mpls ip
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
 ip rsvp bandwidth 1000000
!
router isis
 mpls traffic-eng router-id Loopback0
 mpls traffic-eng level-2
 net 49.0001.0005.0005.0005.0005.00
 is-type level-2-only
 metric-style wide
!
mpls ldp router-id Loopback0 force
!
end

PE1

hostname PE1
!
ip cef
!
mpls traffic-eng tunnels
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 2.2.2.2 255.255.255.255
 ip router isis 
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
!
interface Tunnel1
 ip unnumbered Loopback0
 tunnel mode mpls traffic-eng
 tunnel destination 6.6.6.6
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng autoroute announce
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng priority 7 7
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng bandwidth 750
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option 1 explicit name EXCLUDE_P2
 no routing dynamic
!
interface Tunnel2
 ip unnumbered Loopback0
 tunnel mode mpls traffic-eng
 tunnel destination 6.6.6.6
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng autoroute announce
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng priority 7 7
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng bandwidth 750
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option 1 explicit name EXCLUDE_P1
 no routing dynamic
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
 ip address 192.168.12.2 255.255.255.0
 ip router isis 
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 ip address 192.168.23.2 255.255.255.0
 ip router isis 
 mpls traffic-eng tunnels
 mpls ip
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
 ip rsvp bandwidth 1000000
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/2
 ip address 192.168.24.2 255.255.255.0
 ip router isis 
 mpls traffic-eng tunnels
 mpls ip
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
 ip rsvp bandwidth 1000000
!
router isis
 mpls traffic-eng router-id Loopback0
 mpls traffic-eng level-2
 net 49.0001.0002.0002.0002.0002.00
 is-type level-2-only
 metric-style wide
!
ip explicit-path name EXCLUDE_P1 enable
 exclude-address 192.168.23.3
!
ip explicit-path name EXCLUDE_P2 enable
 exclude-address 192.168.24.4
!
mpls ldp router-id Loopback0 force
!
end

PE2

hostname PE2
!
ip cef
!
mpls traffic-eng tunnels
!
interface Loopback0
 ip address 6.6.6.6 255.255.255.255
 ip router isis 
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0
 ip address 192.168.67.6 255.255.255.0
 ip router isis 
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 ip address 192.168.36.6 255.255.255.0
 ip router isis 
 mpls traffic-eng tunnels
 mpls ip
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
 ip rsvp bandwidth 1000000
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/2
 ip address 192.168.56.6 255.255.255.0
 ip router isis 
 mpls traffic-eng tunnels
 mpls ip
 isis circuit-type level-2-only
 ip rsvp bandwidth 1000000
!
router isis
 mpls traffic-eng router-id Loopback0
 mpls traffic-eng level-2
 net 49.0001.0006.0006.0006.0006.00
 is-type level-2-only
 metric-style wide
!
mpls ldp router-id Loopback0 force
!
end

We have two TE tunnels:

PE1#show running-config interface Tunnel 1

interface Tunnel1
 ip unnumbered Loopback0
 shutdown
 tunnel mode mpls traffic-eng
 tunnel destination 6.6.6.6
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng autoroute announce
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng priority 7 7
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng bandwidth 750
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option 1 explicit name EXCLUDE_P2
PE1#show running-config interface Tunnel 2

interface Tunnel2
 ip unnumbered Loopback0
 shutdown
 tunnel mode mpls traffic-eng
 tunnel destination 6.6.6.6
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng autoroute announce
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng priority 7 7
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng bandwidth 750
 tunnel mpls traffic-eng path-option 1 explicit name EXCLUDE_P1

Each tunnel uses an explicit path so that tunnel one goes through P1 and tunnel two goes through P2. The tunnels are currently shut down.

IGP Routing

Let’s look first at our IGP routing. With the tunnels disabled, here is the metric to reach the loopback interface (6.6.6.6) of PE2:

PE1#show ip route 6.6.6.6
Routing entry for 6.6.6.6/32
  Known via "isis", distance 115, metric 30, type level-2
  Redistributing via isis
  Last update from 192.168.23.3 on GigabitEthernet0/1, 00:13:31 ago
  Routing Descriptor Blocks:
  * 192.168.23.3, from 6.6.6.6, 00:13:31 ago, via GigabitEthernet0/1
      Route metric is 30, traffic share count is 1

The metric is 30. By default, IS-IS uses a metric of 10 for each interface. Here is the metric to reach the loopback interface (7.7.7.7) of CE:

PE1#show ip route 7.7.7.7
Routing entry for 7.7.7.7/32
  Known via "isis", distance 115, metric 40, type level-2
  Redistributing via isis
  Last update from 192.168.23.3 on GigabitEthernet0/1, 00:13:35 ago
  Routing Descriptor Blocks:
  * 192.168.23.3, from 7.7.7.7, 00:13:35 ago, via GigabitEthernet0/1
      Route metric is 40, traffic share count is 1

The total metric is 40. What we see above is the IGP shortest path to get to these destinations.

Tunnel Interfaces

Now let’s enable our tunnel interfaces:

PE1(config)#interface Tunnel 1
PE1(config-if)#no shutdown
PE1(config)#interface Tunnel 2
PE1(config-if)#no shutdown

First, we’ll check the routing table to see how we reach the loopback of PE2:

PE1#show ip route 6.6.6.6
Routing entry for 6.6.6.6/32
  Known via "isis", distance 115, metric 30, type level-2
  Redistributing via isis
  Last update from 6.6.6.6 on Tunnel2, 00:00:12 ago
  Routing Descriptor Blocks:
    6.6.6.6, from 6.6.6.6, 00:00:12 ago, via Tunnel2
      Route metric is 30, traffic share count is 1
  * 6.6.6.6, from 6.6.6.6, 00:00:12 ago, via Tunnel1
      Route metric is 30, traffic share count is 1

TE tunnels use the shortest path IGP metric by default, so we see a metric of 30 here. Our headend router load balances using the two tunnels. Here we see the metric to reach the loopback of CE2:

PE1#show ip route 7.7.7.7
Routing entry for 7.7.7.7/32
  Known via "isis", distance 115, metric 40, type level-2
  Redistributing via isis
  Last update from 6.6.6.6 on Tunnel2, 00:00:48 ago
  Routing Descriptor Blocks:
    6.6.6.6, from 7.7.7.7, 00:00:48 ago, via Tunnel2
      Route metric is 40, traffic share count is 1
  * 6.6.6.6, from 7.7.7.7, 00:00:48 ago, via Tunnel1
      Route metric is 40, traffic share count is 1

We see a metric of 40.

To emphasize that TE tunnels use the IGP shortest path, try raising the IS-IS metric on PE1’s interfaces that connect to P1 and P2:

PE1(config)#interface GigabitEthernet 0/1
PE1(config-if)#isis metric 100
PE1(config)#interface GigabitEthernet 0/2
PE1(config-if)#isis metric 200

The path through GigabitEthernet0/1 that connects to P1 will remain the shortest path, but we see the TE tunnel metric increases:

PE1#show ip route 6.6.6.6
Routing entry for 6.6.6.6/32
  Known via "isis", distance 115, metric 120, type level-2
  Redistributing via isis
  Last update from 6.6.6.6 on Tunnel1, 00:00:15 ago
  Routing Descriptor Blocks:
    6.6.6.6, from 6.6.6.6, 00:00:15 ago, via Tunnel1
      Route metric is 120, traffic share count is 1
  * 6.6.6.6, from 6.6.6.6, 00:00:15 ago, via Tunnel2
      Route metric is 120, traffic share count is 1

Let’s get rid of this metric change:

PE1(config)#interface range GigabitEthernet 0/1 - 2
PE1(config-if-range)#no isis metric

Autoroute Announce

You now know about the default TE tunnel metric behavior. Let’s see how we can influence it. Here are our options:

PE1(config)#interface Tunnel 1
PE1(config-if)#tunnel mpls traffic-eng autoroute metric ?
  <1-4294967295>  Set tunnel metric for autoroutes
  absolute        Set metric for all autoroutes over tunnel
  relative        Adjust tunnel metric for autoroutes relative to IGP

We’ll try all options.

Metric

The first option overrides the IGP shortest path metric for the tunnel and uses the specified metric instead. Let’s try this:

PE1(config)#interface Tunnel 1
PE1(config-if)#tunnel mpls traffic-eng autoroute metric 5

Let’s look at the new metric to reach PE1:

PE1#show ip route 6.6.6.6
Routing entry for 6.6.6.6/32
  Known via "isis", distance 115, metric 15, type level-2
  Redistributing via isis
  Last update from 6.6.6.6 on Tunnel1, 00:00:14 ago
  Routing Descriptor Blocks:
  * 6.6.6.6, from 6.6.6.6, 00:00:14 ago, via Tunnel1
      Route metric is 15, traffic share count is 1

The metric is now 15:

  • TE tunnel: 5
  • Loopback on PE2: 10

Let’s check the new metric to reach CE2:

PE1#show ip route 7.7.7.7
Routing entry for 7.7.7.7/32
  Known via "isis", distance 115, metric 25, type level-2
  Redistributing via isis
  Last update from 6.6.6.6 on Tunnel1, 00:00:32 ago
  Routing Descriptor Blocks:
  * 6.6.6.6, from 7.7.7.7, 00:00:32 ago, via Tunnel1
      Route metric is 25, traffic share count is 1

The metric is now 25:

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