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Forum Replies

  1. My company have two ISP connections but we only use 1 for all our traffic and the other was is for backup situation. We were planning to buy a netgear router (http://www.netgear.com.au/business/products/security/FVS336G.aspx#tab-features). There are two WAN port and it has load sharing capability. Are you saying that in the configuration we will not be able to set 80% to ISP 1 and 20% to ISP2 and it will be 50/50 distribution only? and if we do want to send 80% trafic through 1 ISP and 20% through another we don’t have an other option but to buy beefy routers

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  2. Hi Rene! You write excellent articles about networking!

    I have just started learn BGP, and there is question that bother me. I attached screenshot from some site, and as you can this is wireshark capture. Router sends bgp packets “OPEN Message, KEEPALIVE Message” and “KEEPALIVE Message, KEEPALIVE Message”. Meaning there are two messages in one packets. Why BGP process do that? I test that and in very beginning of bgp session initiation routers send “update message, update message” (meaning there are two update messages in one packet) to each other.


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  3. Hi Lorenzo,

    I took a look, with google translate I can get pretty far :slight_smile:

    About the update message…

    • When the path attributes for prefixes are the same then BGP will combine them in a single update message.
    • When the path attributes for prefixes are different then BGP will use multiple updates messages but they can be in the same frame.

    Take a look at these two wireshark captures. In the first one the path attributes are the same and in the second one they are different.

    BGP same path attributes

    BGP different path attributes

    Hope this helps.


  4. Jie,
    I think you are asking two questions:

    1. unless you are assigned an ASN by an Internet authority, like ARIN, then it is common practice for ISPs to use a private BGP AS when they peer with you. These AS numbers are not allowed on the Internet, so the ISP will translate them into their own AS number before routes leave their AS to another ISP or organization. Think of it like BGP “NAT” where inside the ISP a private range is used, and gets translated to a publicly recognized range. Because of this, the customer will not have any problems with loop prevent

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