How to configure Frame-Relay Point-to-Point

In previous lessons, I introduced frame-relay and explained how to configure frame-relay point-to-multipoint. In this lesson, we’ll look at frame-relay point-to-point, which is far easier to configure.

Let’s take a look at frame-relay point-to-point. This is the topology that we’ll use:

fr hub spoke dlci numbers

We are using the same topology with one difference. Point-to-point links require an IP Subnet per PVC:

  • Hub and Spoke1: /24
  • Hub and Spoke2: /24
Hub(config)#interface serial 0/0
Hub(config-if)#encapsulation frame-relay

Hub(config)#interface serial 0/0.1 point-to-point
Hub(config-subif)#ip address
Hub(config-subif)#frame-relay interface-dlci 102

Hub(config)#interface serial 0/0.2 point-to-point
Hub(config-subif)#ip address
Hub(config-subif)#frame-relay interface-dlci 103
Spoke1(config)#interface s0/0
Spoke1(config-if)#encapsulation frame-relay
Spoke1(config)#interface serial 0/0.1 point-to-point
Spoke1(config-subif)#ip address
Spoke1(config-subif)#frame-relay interface-dlci 201
Spoke2(config)#interface serial 0/0
Spoke2(config-if)#encapsulation frame-relay
Spoke2(config)#interface serial 0/0.1 point-to-point
Spoke2(config-subif)#ip address
Spoke2(config-subif)#frame-relay interface-dlci 301

Here is the configuration for the hub and spoke routers. You only have to specify encapsulation frame-relay on the physical interface. The rest of the commands are on the sub-interfaces. Your router can’t read your mind and find out which sub-interfaces should have what DLCIs should be, so you have to configure it yourself. We don’t use the frame-relay map command for point-to-point sub-interfaces, but you have to use the frame-relay interface-dlci command here.

Let’s configure RIP:

Hub(config)#router rip
Hub(config-router)#no auto-summary 
Hub(config-router)#version 2
Spoke1(config)#interface loopback 0
Spoke1(config-if)#ip address
Spoke1(config)#router rip
Spoke1(config-router)#version 2
Spoke1(config-router)#no auto-summary
Spoke2(config)#router rip
Spoke2(config-router)#version 2
Spoke2(config-router)#no auto-summary 

And let’s see what we have in the routing tables:

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Forum Replies

  1. Very Clear. Thanks

  2. i’m able to understand frame-relay concept because of your doc.
    can you please post the command to make a router as a frame relay switch with point-to-multipoint and point-to-point.

  3. You are welcome. Here’s a quick example for a frame-relay switch:

    frame-relay switching
    interface serial0/0
    description DLCI_102_TO_R1
    frame-relay intf-type dce
    frame-relay route 102 interface serial0/1 201
    interface serial0/1
    description DLCI_201_TO_R2
    frame-relay intf-type dce
    frame-relay route 201 interface serial0/0 102

    This will switch traffic between DLCI 102 and 201

    Best Regards,


  4. Thnx Rene for this site,for gns3vault. Your new ccna 200-120 book helped me alot. :slight_smile:


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