Basic EIGRP Configuration

In this lesson, we’ll take a look at how to configure EIGRP. If you have no idea what EIGRP is or how it works, you should read my Introduction to EIGRP first. This is the topology that we will use:

eigrp ccna topology

In the topology above, I have four routers. All interfaces are FastEthernet with the exception of the link between R1 and R2. That’s where we use an Ethernet link. Behind R4, there is a loopback interface.

Let’s start by configuring EIGRP between R1 and R3:

R1(config)#router eigrp 1
R1(config-router)#no auto-summary 
R3(config)#router eigrp 1
R3(config-router)#no auto-summary 

Configuring EIGRP is similar to RIP. The “1” is the AS number, and it has to be the same on all routers! We require the no auto-summary command because by default EIGRP behaves classful, and we want it to be classless.

no auto-summary is enabled by default since IOS 15.

After typing in these commands, this is what you will see:

%DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IP-EIGRP(0) 1: Neighbor (FastEthernet0/0) is up: new adjacency
%DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IP-EIGRP(0) 1: Neighbor (FastEthernet0/0) is up: new adjacency

Our routers have become EIGRP neighbors. We can also verify this with a command:

R1#show ip eigrp neighbors 
IP-EIGRP neighbors for process 1
H   Address                Interface       Hold Uptime   SRTT   RTO  Q  Seq
                                           (sec)         (ms)       Cnt Num
0            Fa0/0             12 00:11:58 1275  5000  0  3
R3#show ip eigrp neighbors 
IP-EIGRP neighbors for process 1
H   Address                Interface       Hold Uptime   SRTT   RTO  Q  Seq
                                           (sec)         (ms)       Cnt Num
0            Fa0/0             14 00:11:47   15   200  0  3

Use show ip eigrp neighbors to verify that we have a working EIGRP neighbor adjacency. This seems to be the case.

Let’s configure all the network commands, so all routers become EIGRP neighbors and advertise their networks:

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Forum Replies

  1. I just changed the text so that I can explain it a bit more.

    158720 = feasible distance (FD) of successor.
    412160 = feasible distance (FD) of feasible successor.

    All feasible successors that have a FD that is lower than FD of successor X multiplier will be used in load balancing.

    158720 x 3 (multiplier)= 476160

    412160 (FD of feasible successor) is lower than 476160 so we will use this feasible successor.

    I hope this explains it better.


  2. By the way I used ios 15 for this lab, but I don’t think that this is a reason.

  3. Hey,
    Comment below;

    “The feasible successor will be used if its feasible distance is lower than the feasible distance multiplied with a multiplier”

          This multiplier can be any number or it has to be 3?  Why?
           I am assuming it can be any random number to serve the purpose of variance.


  4. I got the multiplier concept, it is explained in later chapters.

  5. Rene - Best explanations of EIGRP I have seen and used. I’ve worked through many courses for CCNA but have yet to mess with the variance. It seems most kind of skip over that because it may not be required for the exam. My question is - do we have to manually set the variance in order for unequal cost load balancing to take place in EIGRP? I guess I just assumed EIGRP did equal and unequal cost load balancing by default. And for the heck of it, is there a real world or general consensus as to what is a good variance number to use or ballpark figure to stay around?

    Thanks a ton!

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