EIGRP Unequal Cost Load Balancing

Just like OSPF or RIP, EIGRP can do load balancing but it has one more trick in its hat. RIP and OSPF both can do load-balancing but the paths have to be equal.

EIGRP can do something cool…unequal load-balancing! Even better it will share traffic in a proportional way, if you have a feasible successor that has a feasible distance which is 5 times worse than the successor then traffic will be shared in a 5:1 way.

Let’s take a look at an example of how EIGRP can do load balancing:

Eigrp Unequal Cost Load Balancing Topology

We’ll view this topology from R1’s perspective. Let’s fill in the successor, feasible successor, advertised and feasible distance in a table. If you have no idea how this works please read my introduction to EIGRP first.

 

Advertised Distance

Feasible distance

 

R2

15

20

R3

10

15

SUCCESSOR

R4

14

114

FEASIBLE SUCCESSOR

This is our first example where we found out the successor and feasible successor. If you look at the routing table you will only find the successor there. Now we are going to change things so we’ll see the feasible successor in the routing table as well so it will load-balance.

You can do this by using the variance command. The variance command works as a multiplier:

We're Sorry, Full Content Access is for Members Only...

If you like to keep on reading, Become a Member Now! Here is why:

  • Learn any CCNA, CCNP and CCIE R&S Topic. Explained As Simple As Possible.
  • Try for Just $1. The Best Dollar You’ve Ever Spent on Your Cisco Career!
  • Full Access to our 740 Lessons. More Lessons Added Every Week!
  • Content created by Rene Molenaar (CCIE #41726)

554 Sign Ups in the last 30 days

satisfaction-guaranteed
100% Satisfaction Guaranteed!
You may cancel your monthly membership at any time.
No Questions Asked!

Tags: , ,


Forum Replies

  1. Rene,
    Hi. If we set the variance to 11 it will begin load-balancing, but can you reconfirm the proportion it will be performing this (i.e. 11:1)?

    Many thanks,
    Thomas

  2. Hi Thomas,

    I think this will be useful, it’s a configuration example:

    https://networklessons.com/eigrp/eigrp-variance-command-example/

    The variance command is used to define which feasible successors will be used for load balancing but it doesn’t tell the router which proportion to use. The proportion is based on the feasible distance of the EIGRP routes that were placed in the routing table.

    Rene

  3. Hi Rene,

    If we have three path to destination and we configure variance to use the three path just like in your example here :-
    https://networklessons.com/eigrp/eigrp-variance-command-example/

    My question is :-
    The traffic will be shared in which way ? to be more clarify, In the begging of this article you said " if the feasible successor has a feasible distance which is 5 times worse than the successor then traffic will be shared in a 5:1 way " so what the rate will be if we have three path to destination ( the successor and tow feasible successors ) ?

  4. Hi Hussein,

    It will be shared in proportion based on the feasible distance. If the successor had a FD of 100 and the feasible successors had a FD of 20 and 10 then you’d see a 10:2:1 ratio.

    Rene

69 more replies! Ask a question or join the discussion by visiting our Community Forum