Queuing on Cisco 3560 and 3750 switch

QoS (Quality of Service) on Cisco Catalyst switches is not as easy as configuring it on routers. The big difference is that on routers QoS runs in software while on our switches it’s done in hardware. Since switching is done in hardware (ASICs) we also have to do our congestion management (queuing) in hardware. The downside of this is that QoS is in effect immediately. In this lesson I will give you an overview of all the different commands and an explanation of how QoS works. If you are totally new to LAN QoS do yourself a favor and watch this video:










The first 54 minutes are about classification, marking and policing so if you only care about congestion management and queuing you can skip the first part. Having said that let’s walk through the different commands.

Priority Queue

If your switch supports ingress queuing then on most switches (Cisco Catalyst 3560 and 3750) queue 2 will be the priority queue by default. Keep in mind that there are only 2 ingress queues. If we want we can make queue 1 the priority queue and we can also change the bandwidth. Here’s how to do it:

Switch(config)#mls qos srr-queue input priority-queue 1 bandwidth 20

The command makes queue 1 the priority queue and limits it to 20% of the bandwidth of the total internal ring bandwidth.

For our egress queuing we have to enable the priority queue ourselves! It’s not enabled by default. Here’s how you can do it:

Switch(config)#interface fa0/1
Switch(config-if)#priority-queue out

The command above will enable the outbound priority queue for interface fa0/1. By default queue 1 is the priority queue!

Queue-set

The queue-set is like a template for QoS configurations on our switches. There are 2 queue-sets that we can use and by default all interfaces are assigned to queue-set 1. If you plan to make changes to buffers etc. it’s better to use queue-set 2 for this. If you change queue-set 1 you will apply you new changes to all interfaces.

This is how you can assign an interface to a different queue-set:

Switch(config)#interface fa0/2
Switch(config-if)#queue-set 2

Above we put interface fa0/2 in queue-set 2. Keep in mind that we only have queue-sets for egress queuing, not for ingress.

Buffer Allocation

For each queue we need to configure the assigned buffers. The buffer is like the ‘storage’ space for the interface and we have to divide it among the different queues. This is how to do it:

mls qos queue-set output <queue set> buffers Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4

Above you see the mls qos command. First we select the queue-set and then we can divide the buffers between queue 1,2,3 and 4. For queue 1,3 and 4 you can select a value between 0 and 99. If you type 0 you will disable the queue. You can’t do this for queue 2 because it is used for the CPU buffer. Let’s take a look at an actual example:

Switch(config)#mls qos queue-set output 2 buffers 33 17 25 25

This will divide the buffer space like this:

  • 33% for queue 1.
  • 17% for queue 2.
  • 25% for queue 3.
  • 25% for queue 4.

Besides dividing the bufferspace between the queues we also have to configure the following values per queue:

  • Threshold 1 value
  • Threshold 2 value
  • Reserved value
  • Maximum value

The command to configure these values looks like this:

mls qos queue-set output <queue-set> threshold <queue number> T1 T2 RESERVED MAXIMUM

First you need to select a queue-set, select the queue number and finally configure a threshold 1 and 2 value, reserved value and the maximum value.

Here’s an example:

Switch(config)#mls qos queue-set output 2 threshold 3 33 66 100 300

In the example above we configure queue-set 2. We select queue 3 and set the following values:

  • Threshold 1 = 33%
  • Threshold 2 = 66%
  • Reserved = 100%
  • Maximum = 300%

This means that threshold 1 can go up to 33% of the queue. Threshold 2 can go up to 66% of the queue. We reserve 100% buffer space for this queue and in case the queue is full we can borrow more buffer space from the common pool. 300% means we can get twice our queue size from the common pool.

Assign marked packets/frames to correct queue

You now know how to configure the buffers and thresholds but we still have to tell the switch which CoS and DSCP values have to go to which queue. Here’s the command for it:

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Forum Replies

  1. Hi Jean-Marc,

    I just checked it and you are right, it’s the stack ring bandwidth. I just changed it in the lesson…thanks for pointing it out!

    Rene

  2. Hi,

    Just one note: Egress queueing is defaulted to Q1 being the priority queue and has 1/25 * 100Mb (4Mb) so your first calculation didn’t cover this already assigned usage. Your teaching method works well though but it’s nice to know.

    Thanks.

  3. Thanks Alan, that’s something to keep in mind indeed.

  4. Hi Rene,

    Thank you for the information. It was very helpful. However do you have any postings on QoS for the new 3850’s? I will be replacing our 3750x stack switches soon with a couple of 3850’s and noticed the QoS model is different. It now uses MQC instead of MLS, 8 queues instead of 4, etc. and so I was wondering if you can help answer some questions.

    First, do I have to use/configure all 8 queues or can I just configure queues similar to the four that we originally have on our 3750’s?

    We have a few layer two switches that will be connecting to the stack. I’

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