IPv6 DHCPv6 Guard

IPv6 DHCPv6 Guard is one of the IPv6 FHS (First Hop Security) mechanisms and is very similar to IPv4 DHCP snooping.

This feature inspects DHCPv6 messages between a DHCPv6 server and DHCPv6 client (or relay agent) and blocks DHCPv6 reply and advertisements from (rogue) DHCPv6 servers. DHCPv6 messages from clients or relay agents to a DHCPv6 server are not affected.

In this lesson, I’ll show you how to configure IPv6 DHCPv6 guard.

Configuration

Here is the topology we’ll use:

Ipv6 Dhcp Guard Topology Lab

We have four devices:

  • R1 is our legitimate DHCPv6 server.
  • R2 is a rogue DHCPv6 server.
  • H1 is a DHCPv6 client.
  • SW1 is where we configure IPv6 DHCPv6 guard.

IPv6 DHCPv6 Guard is one of the IPv6 FHS (First Hop Security) mechanisms and is very similar to IPv4 DHCP snooping. This feature inspects DHCPv6 messages between a DHCPv6 server and DHCPv6 client (or relay agent) and blocks DHCPv6 reply and advertisements from (rogue) DHCPv6 servers. DHCPv6 messages


Basic Policy

We’ll start with a simple example where we configure R1 as a DHCPv6 server and block the rogue DHCPv6 server with a DHCPv6 guard policy.

Let’s configure R1 as a DHCPv6 server:

R1(config)#ipv6 unicast-routing

R1(config)#ipv6 dhcp pool MY_POOL
R1(config-dhcpv6)#address prefix 2001:DB8:0:1::/64

R1(config)#interface FastEthernet 0/0
R1(config-if)#ipv6 enable
R1(config-if)#ipv6 dhcp server MY_POOL

R1 is a simple DHCPv6 server, I only advertise a prefix and that’s it. Let’s configure H1 as a DHCPv6 client:

H1(config)#interface FastEthernet 0/0
H1(config-if)#ipv6 enable
H1(config-if)#ipv6 address dhcp

Let’s see if H1 gets an IPv6 address:

R1#show ipv6 dhcp binding
Client: FE80::217:5AFF:FEED:7AF0
  DUID: 0003000100175AED7AF0
  Username : unassigned
  IA NA: IA ID 0x00030001, T1 43200, T2 69120
    Address: 2001:DB8:0:1:ED29:C746:E04B:5784
            preferred lifetime 86400, valid lifetime 172800
            expires at Apr 27 2018 01:47 PM (172704 seconds)
H1#show ipv6 interface brief | include 2001
    2001:DB8:0:1:ED29:C746:E04B:5784

Excellent. Let’s configure a DHCPv6 guard policy so that this setup is protected. I need to create two policies, one for the DHCPv6 server, another one for the DHCPv6 client:

SW1(config)#ipv6 dhcp guard policy DHCP_SERVER
SW1(config-dhcp-guard)#device-role server
SW1(config)#ipv6 dhcp guard policy DHCP_CLIENT
SW1(config-dhcp-guard)#device-role client

Right now, my policies are empty and I only set the device role. Client is the default role so you don’t have to configure it. For the sake of completeness, I did it anyway.

Let’s attach the DHCP_SERVER policy to the interface that connects to R1 and the DHCP_CLIENT policy to the correct interfaces:

SW1(config)#interface GigabitEthernet 0/1
SW1(config-if)#ipv6 dhcp guard attach-policy DHCP_SERVER

SW1(config)#interface range GigabitEthernet 0/2 - 3
SW1(config-if-range)#ipv6 dhcp guard attach-policy DHCP_CLIENT

We can verify our configuration with the following command:

SW1#show ipv6 dhcp guard policy
Dhcp guard policy: DHCP_CLIENT
        Device Role: dhcp client
        Target: Gi0/2 Gi0/3

Dhcp guard policy: DHCP_SERVER
        Device Role: dhcp server
        Target: Gi0/1
        Max Preference: 255
        Min Preference: 0

This gives a nice overview of the policies and to which interfaces we attached them. Let’s see if it works though…

To test this, I’ll shut the interface of R1:

R1(config)#interface FastEthernet 0/0
R1(config-if)#shutdown

And we’ll configure a DHCPv6 server on our rogue DHCPv6 server:

R2(config)#ipv6 unicast-routing

R2(config)#ipv6 dhcp pool ROGUE_POOL
R2(config-dhcpv6)#address prefix 2001:DB8:BAD:C0DE::/64

R2(config)#interface FastEthernet 0/0
R2(config-if)#ipv6 enable
R2(config-if)#ipv6 dhcp server ROGUE_POOL

Before we request another IPv6 address on the host, let’s enable a debug on SW1 so that we can see everything in action:

SW1#debug ipv6 snooping dhcp-guard
  IPv6 snooping - DHCP Guard debugging is on

Now reset the DHCPv6 client:

H1#clear ipv6 dhcp client FastEthernet 0/0

This is what you’ll see on the switch:

SW1#
SISF[DHG]: Gi0/3 vlan 1 DHCP Client message for role dhcp client - Permit
SISF[DHG]: Gi0/2 vlan 1 DHCP Server message for role dhcp client - Deny

In the output above, you can see that the DHCPv6 client messages are permitted but the DHCPv6 server messages are dropped because we shouldn’t receive those on a “client” interface.

Prefix Filtering

Anything else we can do? First, let’s get rid of the rogue DHCPv6 server and enable the legitimate DHCPv6 server:

H2(config)#interface FastEthernet 0/0
H2(config-if)#shutdown
R1(config)#interface FastEthernet 0/0
R1(config-if)#no shutdown

Let’s take a closer look at the DHCP_SERVER policy we created:

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Forum Replies

  1. Hi Rene,
    Does the DHCPv6 GUARD feature also builds a binding table to be used with IPV6 Source Guard?

    Thanks in advanced.

  2. Hello Nitay

    The binding table is built by the DHCPv6 feature itself. The DHCPv6 Guard feature prevents the binding table from registering DHCPv6 replies and advertisements from rogue DHCPv6 servers. So DHCPv6 Guard protects the binding table from being populated by an non-endorsed source.

    This protected binding table is then used by IPv6 Source Guard to filter inbound traffic on L2 switch ports that are not in the IPv6 binding table. More info on the IPv6 Source Guard feature can be found at the following link.

    ... Continue reading in our forum

  3. Hi Laz,
    Thanks for your reply.

    Does the DHCPv6 Feature is an built-in Feature on every IPv6 capable switch,and the DHCPv6 Feature works just like dhcpv4 snooping when configured statically on a switch with the command ip dhcp snooping?

    Thanks again very much, I appreciate your time!

  4. Hello Nitay

    DHCP Snooping uses a little bit of a different philosophy compared to IPv6 DHCPv6 Guard. Where DHCP snooping configures trusted and untrusted ports, IPv6 DHCP Guard is capable of creating client or server policies per port, is able to filter based on specific prefixes, and can also take advantage of preference filtering as stated in the lesson. IPv6 DHCP Guard does not create a table that is similar to the DHCP snooping table.

    I hope this has been helpful!

    Laz

  5. Hello Nitay

    In IPv4, DHCP always builds the binding table, without the use of DHCP snooping. When you enable DHCP snooping, it will build the DHCP snooping binding table. These are two different tables. The first is used by DHCP to simply list the IP address leases that have been given out to particular hosts. You can view this table using the show ip dhcp bi

    ... Continue reading in our forum

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