When you have a redundant switched topology, spanning-tree will block some of the interfaces to create a loop-free topology. Another method to deal with redundant topologies is by using flexlinks. When you configure FlexLinks you’ll have an active and standby interface. Here’s an example:
In the topology above spanning-tree would normally block one of the interfaces to create that loop-free topology. This time however we are going to use flexlinks. What happens is that one interface will be the active link and the other one will be a backup link. The backup link is down and only comes up when the active link fails.
I can configure this on SW3:
- Fa0/14 will be the active interface.
- Fa0/16 will be the backup interface (this one is blocked!).
When you configure interfaces as FlexLinks they will not send BPDUs. There is no way to detect loops because we don’t run spanning-tree on them. Whenever our active interface fails the backup interface will take over.
Let’s look at the configuration…
I will configure SW3 so that interface Fa0/14 is the active interface and Fa0/16 becomes a backup:
SW3(config)#interface fa0/14 SW3(config-if)#switchport backup interface fa0/16
This is how we make interface fa0/16 a backup of interface fa0/14.
SW3# %SPANTREE-6-PORTDEL_ALL_VLANS: FastEthernet0/14 deleted from all Vlans %SPANTREE-6-PORTDEL_ALL_VLANS: FastEthernet0/16 deleted from all Vlans
You can see spanning-tree is being disabled for these interfaces.