The multicast that you are probably familiar with (PIM sparse and dense mode) using IGMPv2 is also known as ASM (Any Source Multicast). This means that the receivers really don’t care what source they receive multicast traffic from, all sources are accepted.
Using sparse mode, our receivers require the RP (Rendezvous Point) to discover new sources in the network. SSM (Source Specific Multicast) requires IGMPv3 and lets us join multicast groups from specified source addresses.
Besides just joining any group, the receiver can receive the group from a specified source. When we use SSM / IGMPv3, there are no shared trees. We only build SPTs (Shortest Path Trees) toward our sources. This also means that we don’t use any RPs …you won’t need Auto-RP or Bootstrap anymore!
Configuring source specific multicast is pretty easy. Let’s use the following topology to take a look at the configuration:
We have a very small network with only three routers. Let’s prepare them by enabling OSPF and multicast routing:
R1,R2 and R3: ip multicast-routing router ospf 1 network 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.255 area 0
Let’s enable PIM sparse-mode on the interfaces:
R1(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/0 R1(config-if)#ip pim sparse-mode
R2(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/0 R2(config-if)#ip pim sparse-mode R2(config-if)#interface fastEthernet 0/1 R2(config-if)#ip pim sparse-mode
R3(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/0 R3(config-if)#ip pim sparse-mode
Now we can dive into the configuration of SSM. First, we’ll enable SSM on all routers. If you do not specify a group, then the 18.104.22.168/8 range will be used. If you do try a (*, G) join for any group in the SSM range, then it will be dropped.
R1,R2 and R3: ip pim ssm default
The next step is to enable IGMPv3 on the source and receiver:
R1(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/0 R1(config-if)#ip igmp version 3
R3(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/0 R3(config-if)#ip igmp version 3
Now we’ll configure R3 to join a multicast group address in the 22.214.171.124/8 range, and we’ll specify R1 as the source:
You explain in a very good way, your explanation make the tough things simpler. Thanks for your contribution to the Networking Society.
Thats a good explanation Rene.
But my concern is what about the need to enable ssm map.
When to use this map n all…
I am a beginner and interested in learning IGMP and PIM protocols . Can you please point me the links to start these protocols?
Can we enable SSM with Dense-mode?
When configuring SSM, you can use either sparse mode or sparse-dense mode. More information on configuring SSM can be found here:
I hope this has been helpful!