# Basics of Binary Numbers

Before we start calculating subnets and talk about IP addressing, let’s first check out some basics of binary calculations. We are all used to work with decimal numbers where we count from 1 to 10. This is easy because we have 10 fingers so we don’t have to count off the top of our head.

In the binary system, we only work with 0 or 1.

0 = Off
1 = On

Let’s look at some examples how we can use binary to create some numbers:

 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1

Above we have 8 bits. The bit on the far left side is called the most significant bit (MSB) because this bit has the highest value (128) . The bit on the far right side is called the least significant bit (LSB) because this one has the lowest value (1).

So how do we convert decimal numbers into binary? Let’s look at some examples.

## Decimal to Binary

If we want the decimal number “0” in binary this means we leave all the bits “off”.

 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Let’s take the decimal number 178 and turn it into binary. We do this by starting from the left and then try if each bit “fits” in to make this number:

 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0

128 + 32 + 16 + 2 = 178.

Here’s another, let’s say we want decimal number 31 in binary. Start from the left and see which bits “fit”:

### We're Sorry, Full Content Access is for Members Only...

If you like to keep on reading, Become a Member Now! Here is why:

• Learn any CCNA, CCNP and CCIE R&S Topic. Explained As Simple As Possible.
• Try for Just \$1. The Best Dollar You’ve Ever Spent on Your Cisco Career!
• Full Access to our 707 Lessons. More Lessons Added Every Week!
• Content created by Rene Molenaar (CCIE #41726)

464 Sign Ups in the last 30 days

100% Satisfaction Guaranteed!
You may cancel your monthly membership at any time.

Tags:

## Forum Replies

1. Rene,

Great article, I think it’s a good way to teach the beginners about binary numbers.

Keep this great job!!!

Hug

2. I believe your explanation is great.
thanks

Ask a question or join the discussion by visiting our Community Forum