## Notable Replies

### Continue the discussion forum.networklessons.com

1 more reply

In the networking universe we use binary, decimal and hexadecimal values. Two good examples where we use hexadecimal values are MAC addresses and IPv6 addresses.

Especially for IPv6 addresses it’s useful to understand how you can calculate from hexadecimal to binary and decimal or the other way around.

In the decimal system we count from 0-10, in the hexadecimal system we count from 0 – F. Here’s an example:

Decimal |
Hexadecimal |

1 | 1 |

2 | 2 |

3 | 3 |

4 | 4 |

5 | 5 |

6 | 6 |

7 | 7 |

8 | 8 |

9 | 9 |

10 | A |

11 | B |

12 | C |

13 | D |

14 | E |

15 | F |

That’s not so bad right? Now if you want to calculate from binary to hexadecimal there’s a trick you need to master. Let’s say you have the decimal number 255 in binary:

128 | 64 | 32 | 16 | 8 | 4 | 2 | 1 |

1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 |

If you want to convert this to hexadecimal you need to cut the 8 bits in two parts of 4 bits (4 bits is also known as a **nibble**).

First nibble:

1 | 1 | 1 | 1 |

Second nibble:

1 | 1 | 1 | 1 |

Now convert these nibbles from binary to decimal:

8 | 4 | 2 | 1 |

1 | 1 | 1 | 1 |

Both nibbles look the same: 8 + 4 + 2 + 1 = 15

Now take a look at the decimal-to-hexadecimal chart and you’ll see that 15 in decimal is equal to “F” in hexadecimal.

So the hexadecimal value = FF. Normally you see hexadecimal values written as 0xFF. If you see “0x”then you know it’s a hexadecimal value.

Let’s try another decimal value and calculate it into hexadecimal, for example 118. First we convert 118 to binary:

128 | 64 | 32 | 16 | 8 | 4 | 2 | 1 |

0 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 0 | 1 | 1 | 0 |

64 + 32 + 16 + 4 + 2 = 118

We’ll chop our 8 bits into two nibbles and this is what we get:

First nibble:

0 | 1 | 1 | 1 |

Second nibble:

0 | 1 | 1 | 0 |

Now let’s convert these nibbles from binary to decimal:

8 | 4 | 2 | 1 |

0 | 1 | 1 | 1 |

The first nibble will be 4 + 2 + 1 = 7. The decimal value 7 is the same in hexadecimal.

8 | 4 | 2 | 1 |

0 | 1 | 1 | 0 |

The second nibble will be 4+2 = 6. The decimal value 6 is the same in hexadecimal.

Our hexadecimal value will be 0x76. Let’s try one more!

Let’s say we have the decimal value 206. In binary it looks like this:

128 | 64 | 32 | 16 | 8 | 4 | 2 | 1 |

1 | 1 | 0 | 0 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 0 |

128 + 64 + 8 + 4 + 2 = 206.

We’ll chop our 8 bits into two nibbles and this is what we get:

First nibble:

1 | 1 | 0 | 0 |

Second nibble:

1 | 1 | 1 | 0 |

Now let’s convert these nibbles from binary to decimal:

8 | 4 | 2 | 1 |

1 | 1 | 0 | 0 |

The first nibble will be 8 + 4 = 12. The decimal value 12 is C in hexadecimal.

8 | 4 | 2 | 1 |

0 | 1 | 1 | 0 |

The second nibble will be 8 + 4 + 2 = 14. The decimal value 14 is E in hexadecimal.

Our hexadecimal value will be 0xCE.

I hope these examples have been useful, if you have any questions feel free to leave a comment!

Copyright protected by Digiprove © 2015-2016 Rene Molenaar1 more reply

How to convert IPV6 to IPV4 address?

We can't, there is no such thing IPv6 addresses are 128 bit and hexadecimal, IPv4 has 32 bit decimal addresses.

Thanks Mathijs, it has been fixed.

Hi Rene,

"In the decimal system we count from 1-10, in the hexadecimal system we count from 1 – F"

should be "decimal 0-9, hexadecimal 0-F"

Hi Georgi,

That is so true, especially for computers Just edited the post...thanks!

Rene